CultureMolecular
SensitivityFair3-5x greater sensitivity than culture
SpecificityHighHigh
Turn-Around-Time2-5 days after lab arrival (bacteria growth rate dependent)12-24 hours after lab arrival
Vulnerability to TransportViable specimen needed; sensitive to temperatures and drying; needs special transport mediumViable specimen NOT required; not affected by temperatures; no transport medium required
Strain TypingRequires 2nd stepOften incorporated in initial