Urinary Tract Infections


  1. Most commonly diagnosed illness in older adults. 70% of UTIs caused by E. Coli in past; simple to treat. 

  2. Now problems with Recurrent and Persistent Infections.

  3. Development of MDROs and Biofilms have complicated the clinical diagnosis.

  4. Advanced diagnostics are needed to detect culprit pathogen that may not grow in culture due to Biofilm and identify antibiotic resistance genes. 

  5. Providers can no longer assume our first or second-line antibiotics will work.


Bacterial Pathogens:

Acinetobacter baumannii
Actinobaculum schaalii
Aerococcus urinae
Alloscardovia omnicolens
Candida albicans
Candida glabrata
Candida parapsilosis
Chlamydia trachomatis
Citrobacter freundii
Citrobacter koseri
Corynebacterium riegelii
Corynebacterium urealyticum

Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Pantoea agglomerans
Proteus mirabilis
Proteus vulgaris
Providencia stuarti
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Serratia marcescens
Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Streptococcus agalactiae
Ureaplasma urealyticum
Trichomonas vaginalis

Enterobacter aerogenes
Enterobacter cloacae
Enterococcus faecalis
Enterococcus faecium
Escherichia coli
Klebsiella oxytoca
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Morganella morganii
Mycoplasma genitalium
Mycoplasma hominis
Mycobacterium tuberculosis