Urinary Tract Infections


  1. Most commonly diagnosed illness in older adults. 70% of UTIs caused by E. Coli in past; simple to treat. 

  2. Now problems with Recurrent and Persistent Infections.

  3. Development of MDROs and Biofilms have complicated the clinical diagnosis.

  4. Advanced diagnostics are needed to detect culprit pathogen that may not grow in culture due to Biofilm and identify antibiotic resistance genes. 

  5. Providers can no longer assume our first or second-line antibiotics will work.


Bacterial Pathogens:


-Klebsiella pneumoniae
-Klebsiella oxytoca
-Morganella morganii
-Proteus mirabilis
-Proteus vulgaris
-Serratia marcescens
-Staphylococcus aureus
-Staphylococcus saprophyticus

-Acinetobacter baumannii
-Citrobacter freundii
-Enterobacter aerogenes
-Enterobacter cloacae
-Enterobacter facalis
-Enterobacter faecium
-Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci
-Escherichia coli